Facial Bone Fractures

Facial bone fractures include the injured nasal bones, the maxilla (bone of upper jaws), and the mandible (lower jaw) ____Le Fort. The facial fracture or facial trauma is also called the maxillofacial trauma, is any physical trauma to face. The facial fractures can occur due to the variety of reasons in which the sports injuries, industrial accidents, wrestling, burns and other accidental causes are the prime that leads to the facial fractures includes the nasal bone fracture, the maxilla and the mandible (lower jaw) trauma. The soft tissues get injured in the facial bone fractures that cause the trauma of head, neck and nose region. The facial fractures may also be associated with head and cervical spine injuries.

The facial bone fractures occurred due to the significant amount of force and the Doctors/Surgeon must focus on the account of the injuries while assessing the patient’s case of facial fractures in order to treat the patient more effectively.

The forces that are required to produce a fracture of the facial bones are as follows:

  • Nasal fracture – 30 g
  • Zygoma fractures – 50 g
  • Mandibular (angle) fractures – 70 g
  • Frontal region fractures – 80 g
  • Maxillary (mid-line) fractures – 100 g
  • Mandibular (mid-line) fractures – 100 g
  • Supraorbital rim fractures – 200 g

Why are Facial Bone Fractures the Serious Concern?

Disfigurement & Deformities

The facial bone fractures cause the disfigurement of the facial structures and loss of functioning in upper & lower jaws results in difficulties in moving the jaw. The facial fractures also leading to the eye injuries and trauma causes the blindness or sight dysfunction.

It is Fatal due to the deadly Bleeding

The facial bone fractures cause the severe bleeding or interference with the airway; thus it is the prime concern for the Doctor that the airway is open and not threatened so that the patient can breathe. The treatment of facial bone fractures depends on the intensity of fractures and may vary from using the bandaging and suturing of wounds to the particular surgeries in order to shift the bones back into their original places.

Signs & Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of facial bone fractures are very obvious nonetheless, there are certain signs and symptoms that are associated with facial bone fractures are as follows:-

  • Pain
  • Bruising
  • Swelling of the surrounding tissues
  • Fractures of the nose, base of the skull, maxilla may be associated with profuse nosebleeds
  • Nasal fractures may be associated with deformity of the nose
  • Deformity in the face
  • Sunken cheekbone or teeth
  • Numbness in the lip & chin due to the mandibular fractures

Diagnosis

Radiography is used to rule out the facial fractures, which involves the aid of X-rays to imaging of tissues. Angiography is applied to locate the source of bleeding in which X-rays are taken of the inside of blood vessels. CT scan is the best option to detect the facial fractures as well as examining the soft tissues.

Treatment

The treatment of facial bone fractures involves the bandaging, suturing and sometimes surgeries also in the complicated case of the fractures in which a surgeon performs the procedure with the concern of the traumatic surgeries, in addition to the cosmetic concerns as the trauma is associated with the facial part and the cosmetic touch weighs a much importance with the traumatic surgeries to offer the patients’ aesthetic look back.

Dr Suneet Soni has a vast experience of doing all types of corrective surgeries. The great facilities & care at Medispa Laser & Cosmetic Surgery Centre, which is equipped with the advanced technology as well as the team of expert medical staffs help the maximum extent so that the problem of facial fractures is effectively cured with all the aesthetic touch of the surgical procedures.

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